How to valuate a company: 5 important methods

Valuing a business provides valuable information about the financial health of your company. Whether you want to sell your company or plan for future decisions, valuing a business is essential. That’s why, in this article, we’ll explore five commonly used methods of business valuation and teach you how to valuate a company so you can make informed decisions and have a great future.

What is the business valuation ?

First and foremost, before learning how to valuate a company, it is important that you understand what exactly is valuing a business. Thus, this is the process through which the total value of a company is determined, whether for selling the company, attracting investors, making informed decisions about investments and acquisitions, and for financial planning.

The objective is to determine an accurate and objective estimate of the value of the company based on its current financial condition, future growth prospects and other relevant factors. As you will see when we explain how to valuate a company, this exercise takes into account a number of factors such as revenues, profits, assets, liabilities and market conditions.

How to valuate a company?

Having clarified what business valuation is, we can explain how to valuate a company. However, you should know that there are different valuation methods, so we will introduce you to the most common ones.

1 Price-earnings ratio (P/B)

The first of the valuation methods we would like to present in this guide on how to valuate a company is the price-earnings ratio (P/E).

Thus, this method of how to valuate a company is calculated by dividing the market price per share by its earnings per share (EPS). The result is an indication of how much the market is willing to pay for each Canadian dollar of a company’s earnings. 

A low P/E ratio suggests that the market is not willing to pay as much for your company’s earnings, while a higher P/E ratio indicates that the market is willing to pay quite a bit for them.

2. Price-earnings-growth ratio (PEG)

The next valuation model on how to valuate a company is the price-earnings-growth ratio (PEG), which takes into account expected growth of the company’s profits. 

So, the PEG ratio is calculated by dividing the P/E ratio by the expected earnings growth rate. A lower PEG ratio is generally considered more favorable, as it indicates that the market is not overestimating the growth potential.

3. Net Asset Value (NAV)

Another frequently used valuation model is the net asset value. So, the steps of  how to valuate a company with this method are as follows: subtract the company’s liabilities from its assets and divide the result by the number of shares outstanding. 

NAV provides an estimate of the value of the assets if they were sold and their liabilities settled. This method is especially useful for valuing companies in the financial sector, such as banks and insurance companies, which have a large amount of assets and liabilities.

4. Balance sheet analysis

Another way you may come across when looking for how to calculate the value of a business is balance sheet analysis. This consists of examining a company’s balance sheet to determine its assets, liabilities and equity.

Thus, this information can be used to calculate ratios such as debt-to-equity ratio and return on equity (ROE), which provide insight into a company’s financial health and performance. A company with a higher debt-equity ratio and a lower ROE can be considered riskier.

The balance sheet can be analyzed in several ways, including liquidity analysis, an examination of a company’s ability to meet its short-term obligations through its liquid and quasi-liquid assets; assessment of long-term financial stability, by examining its debt/equity ratio, interest coverage and other financial ratios; asset utilization analysis, which measures the efficiency with which a company uses its assets to generate income.

Comparable companies

Finally, another common method you will find on how to valuate a company and its business equity is the analysis of comparable companies. This method takes into account factors such as revenues, profits, growth rates and market capitalization. 

Thus, by comparing a company’s financial metrics with those of its peers, an estimate of its value can be made. However, it is important to keep in mind that the analysis of comparable companies is not always the most accurate method, as there may be significant differences between companies in the same industry that are not reflected in their financial information.

Why hire professionals to calculate business equity?

Finally, we hope that this article will allow you to understand how to valuate a company, however, and although the methods described above can provide valuable information on the value of a company, the accuracy is highly dependent on the quality and availability of the information. 

In addition, each method has its strengths and limitations, and choosing the right one for a specific situation requires knowledge and experience. That is why it is recommended to seek professional help. For this, you will need an expert in business valuation.

Considering the above, and if you reside in Quebec, we recommend the services of G4 Solutions & Stratégies d’Entreprise. With more than 18 years of experience, this company will not only help you to carry out the valuation of the company but also to sell it if necessary, after knowing the real price of the company. 

On the other hand, on the G4 Solutions & Stratégies d’Entreprise website you can also read other articles with valuable information to ensure the financial health of your company. So, what do you expect to project the future of your company and understand its cost?